It is not possible for ResearchGate to provide you with advice about copyright or what copyright restrictions may apply to your content - if any. However, we can provide some general information which we hope will be helpful.
How does ResearchGate work?
For starters, when thinking about copyright issues, it’s important that you understand what ResearchGate is and how it works. To find out more, we encourage you to read the answers to these frequently asked questions:
How do I review my publicly available full-texts? To review the publication pages where you have made
Copyright and ResearchGate
ResearchGate was developed by scientists to make collaboration, sharing, and communication between researchers easier. We respect the intellectual property rights of others and ask that you do the same.
ResearchGate lets you:
- Upload public copies of your full-texts
- Store private copies of your full-texts that are accessible to you and your co-authors
- Share private copies of your full-texts with others
You are responsible for any content you upload or share, so it’s important that you check in advance that you have all the necessary rights to do so.
Knowing whether you have the rights to upload or share content isn’t always easy. If you’ve signed an agreement with a publisher, this will probably define your rights. Usually, these agreements assign the copyright or exclusive licenses to the publisher. However, you may also retain some rights to use and possibly share the work. These rights can vary significantly from publisher to publisher and should always be checked. If you have any doubt about your permission to share, we strongly encourage you to review your license agreement and any information your publisher makes available on its website before you upload the content.
Specific policies of some publishers can be found here:
Directory of Publisher Copyright Policies
While publisher policies vary, some generalizations can be made. There are often different versions of the publication, including:
Publishers can define these versions slightly differently, so it is important to check the definitions with the relevant publisher before posting the work. Many publishers do not allow the VOR to be shared publicly at any time. This is true even though you’re the author of the work. Accepted manuscripts and preprints are sometimes subject to different rules. Some publishers allow authors to share these under certain circumstances or within a certain timeframe. Sometimes preprints, accepted manuscripts, and even VORs are subject to “embargo” periods, which only allow you to share after a certain date.
Some licenses may let you share your work privately with others. These rights may be defined in your license agreement, and often require that the recipient be a colleague, fellow researcher, or other group. Even with private sharing, it is important that you make sure that you understand your rights before sharing your full-texts with others.
Copyright compliance is serious. If you upload or share content in a way that infringes a publisher’s rights, the publisher can file a notice claiming copyright infringement. That notice may request removal of the content, or specify a different action. When a copyright or license owner submits a notice in accordance with international law, ResearchGate will comply with their request. If there are repeat instances of infringement, ResearchGate may be required to restrict or permanently lock your account.
In addition to reviewing your publisher’s policies, you can read more about what ResearchGate is and how it works, and learn more about copyright and our policies in this section.
Rights in and responsibility for content on ResearchGate
ResearchGate lets you share various types of content publicly, store it privately, and share it privately.
|title||Who holds copyright in the content made available on ResearchGate?|
By uploading and publicly displaying your work on ResearchGate, you are making it publicly available to all users of ResearchGate – both to ResearchGate members using the site logged in, and people without an account who access it logged out. ResearchGate does not require you to relinquish any rights that you may have in your work. Nor do you transfer or assign copyright to us. You have the right to remove any content you've added to your profile from ResearchGate at any time. The copyright ownership in the work is determined by copyright law in various jurisdictions, and by any license agreement you may have signed. In some cases, authors assign all or part of their rights to their publisher, but also retain certain rights. You need to check your license agreement to be sure.
|title||Is ResearchGate a publisher?|
ResearchGate is not a publisher and does not accept articles or papers for publication. Rather, members can track their publications, store private copies, and make their published or unpublished work publicly available on ResearchGate – if they have the rights to do so.
|title||Can ResearchGate give me permission to re-use content I’ve found on ResearchGate?|
No. ResearchGate does not hold copyright for any publications on the platform. That means we can’t grant you permission to reuse any content that you find in a publication that has been made available on ResearchGate. To make a copyright permission request, you’ll need to get in touch with the authors of the publication, the journal in which it was published, or the relevant publishing company. Many publishers have information on their websites describing how their content can be used, and/or a contact email address for requesting permission to use their content.
|title||Who is responsible for content uploaded on ResearchGate?|
You are responsible for any content that you upload on ResearchGate. That’s why we display your name next to any content you upload.
As we don't have any information on the rights you may hold, or any license terms or other restrictions which might apply to your content, we rely on you to understand your rights and act accordingly. For this reason, we request that you fully investigate and confirm that you have sufficient rights to share your content on ResearchGate (for both public and private sharing) before you do so. If you have any doubts about your permissions to upload content, we encourage you to check your license agreement and/or contact your publisher first.
Contributions the filter
|title||What should I do if I'm unsure about my rights?|
If you’re unsure about your rights to share your content on ResearchGate, you should first review the license agreement you signed with your publisher and any policies they may display on their website. If you still have questions, we recommend that you get in touch with them directly.
If you’ve already made the content publicly available, we recommend that you make it private or remove it while you confirm your rights. You may be allowed to share another version of the content, such as an accepted manuscript, or to privately store a copy on ResearchGate. Again, that will depend on any agreement you have with your publisher.
To review which of your publication pages have a full-text publicly available:
- Go to your
rightNote: The full-texts filter only shows the publications where you have uploaded the full-text. Any publications that contain
- filter underneath Research Items from the menu on the
uploaded a coauthor will not be shown in this filter.
- This filter shows you any of your research items that have publicly available full-texts.
- Any research items that have a publicly available full-text
How do I feature research on my profile?
You can showcase up to five of your research items on your ResearchGate profile by following these steps:
- Go to your profile
- Scroll down to the Featured research section on the page
- Click the pencil icon in the top right-hand corner of the box
- Search for and select the research items that you want to feature
- Click Done.
How do I edit my research item's details?
You can edit your research item’s details by following these steps:
- Go to the research item’s ResearchGate page by clicking on its title
- Click on the blue arrow at the top right-hand side of the page and select Edit from the drop-down list
- Make the necessary changes
- Click Save.
- Go to your Contributions tab and scroll down to the research item
- Click on the downward-facing arrow next to Add resources and select Edit
- Make the necessary changes
- Click Save.
If you’re the creator of the research item and the sole claimant, you can modify the authors instantly. Otherwise, these changes will be reviewed manually and can take a small amount of time to be processed. To edit author names:
- Click Edit authors when you’re in the Edit dialog
- Update the author information and click Request changes or Save.
Note: Certain types of research cannot be changed to another type, including data and preprints. To change the type, you will need to remove the research item and re-upload it as the correct type. Similarly, research with a ResearchGate DOI attached cannot be edited. Instead, you need to remove the research completely, re-upload it with the correct details and then generate a new DOI for it. A DOI is a unique identifier – that’s why any edits after its creation render the DOI invalid.
Why is the journal title not visible on my publication page?
If no journal information is shown on your publication page, that means your article has not been attributed to the journal in which it was published. You can manually update this by following these steps:
- Visit the Contributions tab on your profile and scroll down to the journal article
- Click the downward-facing arrow next to Add resources and select Edit
- Start typing the name of the journal into the Journal field, or enter the ISSN slowly
- Select the correct journal from the suggestions that appear in the drop-down menu
- Click Save.
Why aren't all of my references showing?
While citations using standard citation styles are usually extracted accurately on ResearchGate, there are some instances where they cannot be extracted – for example, for full-text PDFs that have been created from scanned hard copies. PDF as a format is not particularly standard, and therefore creating algorithms to extract this information is an ongoing process with varying levels of success. Citations that do not have complete metadata (publication date, journal, abstract) may not be included in your citation counts either, as this is essential information when it comes to matching citations to publications correctly. Additionally, if the citing paper is not on ResearchGate, this can hinder our efforts to add the citation. Our citation data is regularly updated and we are working hard to improve how we extract and match citations.
How do I remove a publication page or full-text from my profile?
Here’s how you can remove a publication page and/or full-text from your profile or from ResearchGate entirely:
- Visit the Contributions tab on your profile and scroll down to the research item
- Click on the arrow next to Add resources
- Select Remove
- Select the relevant option
- Select your reason for removing
- Proceed by clicking on the relevant button.
Note: If you didn’t create the publication page, you will not have the option to remove it from ResearchGate entirely. You can, however, remove it from your profile. If one of your coauthors uploaded the full-text, it will still be visible on ResearchGate.
There’s an option to make your full-text private rather than removing it entirely from ResearchGate. This means the full-text will no longer be publicly displayed, but a private copy will be available to you and your coauthors. You must always ensure that you have the right to publicly share or privately store your full-text before doing so. For more information see Am I allowed to share my research on ResearchGate?
Why can't I remove the full-text from my publication page?
There are several reasons why you might not be able to remove a full-text from a publication page on your profile:
- It’s not possible for you to remove a full-text that has been uploaded by a co-author.
- We sometimes make a full-text available where a publication has a Creative Commons license. If you feel that a publication has been wrongly attributed a Creative Commons license, please contact us at www.researchgate.net/contact.
Why are there duplicate research items on my profile?
Duplicates can occur when an author adds a publication that is already in our database, or more than one author adds the same item. If you have found a duplicate research item on your contributions list, please help us merge them by editing the item's details. ResearchGate automatically merges research items where all the information is identical, including title, date of publication, author names, and journal. Please note that if you have added both of the items to ResearchGate yourself, or if the information is not identical in every way, the publications will not be merged automatically. If one of the items has a DOI or both of them have different DOIs, we also won't merge the items automatically.
Note: We don’t merge articles with their linked data. We encourage our members to upload their work during all stages of the publication process, so we consider these to be separate research items.
How can I report a duplicate publication?
To report a duplicate publication:
- Visit your Contributions tab
- Scroll down to the research item that is a duplicate
- Click on the downward-facing arrow at the bottom of the item next to the Add resources link
- Select Report Issue from the options in the drop-down
- Select This is a duplicate of another item in my profile and click Report issue
- In the box that appears, select which item you would like to be merged or search for it if you don't see it on the list (you can pick more than one item if necessary)
- Click Continue.
Please note: It can take up to 72 hours for the publications to be merged. Alternatively, you could delete one of the duplicate publications yourself. Please see the instructions above.